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Posted by: FR
Date: October 19, 2017 08:55AM
So lets start with,
a. Room temperature of aprox 75F is recommended. The room temps are an important base, to allow the cage temps to function properly. Avoid having cages influenced by cool walls, floors etc. To achieve working temps in the cage, the outside of the cage must be controlled.
b. For cages having deep substrate, a hot area of 165F, with the balance of the surface area a gradient from the hot spot down to a minimum of 90F, for at least most of the day, is required. This is above the substrate. The substrate should have a range from the hot area, to the room temperature. So there are cool areas for the monitors to rest in and hot areas in the substrate for the monitors to have heat when needed. and all below the surface.
c. For cages having shallow substrate, a hot area of 125F, with the balance of the surface area a gradient from the hot spot down to a minimum of 70F, for at least most of the day, is required.
d. Hot area, is recommended to be at least the S/V length of the monitors and only on the surface of the top of the basking area, example, the top basking platform, or surface of the substrate. The type of bulbs recommended are Flood lamps or bell shaped LED's or Incandescent. Its critical to not use spot lites, bulbs with a tight focus, as these can cause burns.
2. Humidity, should range from moist to dry. But never Wet.
a. substrate, burrows should be in the area of 50%, But like temps, some more humid areas are fine, and may be needed. Remember, humidity is to not allow dehydration. As monitors have a high heat requirement, keeping the substrate moist is of importance, Deep substrate holds the mass of humidity, so the cage does not have to be misted or watered often.
b. Air humidity also has range from humid, 75% plus, to dry. Of course, there are a few species that may require higher humidity, but not wet.
c. screen tops or lots of ventilation is not needed and can be a problem. The high heat requirements will cause rapid evaporation, and quickly dry out the cage, causing tail and toe loss. In order to keep humidity up in hot cages, ventilation must be controlled.
So we have,
Temps and humidity.
What next, lets make a list of other areas. In no particular order. any other area that needs addressing?
Now for the hard part, the husbandry.
Please, lets wait on this until we get the above areas fleshed out. I will list some, so you know some of your concerns will be addressed in this section.
8. reading the monitors.
9. harvesting eggs.
10. cleaning cages
11. incubating eggs.
12. Health concerns
13. acquiring suitable captives.
As you can see, some of these areas, tie into eachother, so we need to keep redundancy down as much as possible and still make it workable.
Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 10/21/2017 09:41AM by FR.